Pawn Levers

Understanding about pawn levers is important. In fact so important that it could make the crucial difference in a game of whether you win, draw or lose. Add this critical knowledge to your arsenal of weapons of chess and watch your opponent squirm as you outsmart him in using another basic chess tool. The study of pawn levers could have significant and important consequences in resolving a crisis decisively.

What is a pawn lever?
One definition of a Pawn Lever is a pawn move which:

1. Offers to trade itself; and
2. Leads to an ultimate improvement in the pawn structure of the side playing it; and or
3. Damages the opponent’s pawn structure.

Why should we know about pawn levers?
The more you know about pawns and pawnstructure the greater will be your understanding of the fundamental basics that are necessary for the building blocks to a solid platform of basic chess skills. And from this platform of basic skills will you progress upwards towards higher levels of chess skills. Just like in math you wont ever understand calculus unless you first study and understand algebra and so on. Consider understanding pawn basics as part of your overall school curriculum in chess

But there may be a more important factor in learning the fundamentals of chess basics than gaining an advantage over your opponent through the use of chess knowledge alone. And that is the psychology of the game.

Frequently making mistakes and blunders is because of ones attitude of confidence. If you lack confidence and become unsure about your abilities you may find your self becoming nervous and pressured into making unsound moves because of an inability to think clearly under adversity.

On the otherhand the more you think you know about chess basics than your opponent does the more confidence you will have in your abilities to make more sound and logical moves than your opponent will, especially when under pressure for time or in other critical situations. You chess skills will improve just because your level of confidence has improved.

What do pawn levers do?
A lever creates tension which may or not explode in capture. To carry out the capture frequently involves a concession.
Let us take the Center Lever for example.

The Center Lever
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 If White now captures, the position becomes completely even. But White can maintain the tension and gain the advantage.

Consequently, it usually happens that each side continues trying to induce the other to make the capture. Their mutual efforts are comparable to the stress of the dynamic power and load on a lever, hence the term Pawn Lever.
The Center Lever

Types of Levers
Levers are either tight or lose. The lever shown in the center lever diagram is a loose lever both sides having the choice of capture and bypassing.
The tight lever only offers the choice to capture to one side. Choice in such a case usually means initiative.
The Tight Lever

Pointing Direction
It makes a difference which way a lever points whether towards the center or towards the rim.
If it points towards the center it usually has a slightly superior advantage since it offers the initiative.
Pointing Direction

Double Levers
Loose Double Lever

Tight Double Lever

The Forking Lever
Viewed from the other side, the double lever presents itself as a forking attack of one pawn against two, as in the example.
Forking Lever

The fork lever may simultaneously attack a pawn and a piece, thereby destroying a duo. In this form it has great importance in the opening as this example shows.
Simulataneous Attack

This elementary example demonstrates how a forking lever may obtain a draw against a duo of pawns and a king.
The Fork Lever

The Chain Lever
The chain lever consists of adjacent levers in diagonal formation. It favors the side with the farther advanced headpawn, provided this pawn attacks the base of the opposing chain, then the attacker obtains a passed pawn which compared by the opposing passer is either farther advanced or placed more outside or both.
The Chain Lever

H5 Chain Lever

The Pincer Lever
Similar to the chain lever is the Pincer Lever, consisting of two levers which convergingly attack a chain of two links. The main point of the pincer lever is the outside passer it concedes to the opponent.
The Pincer Lever

The Cross Lever
The cross lever has the possibility of capture and creating a passer to queen.
The Cross Lever

The Cross Lever Passer
The Cross Lever Passer

The next series of examples will ask you for the next best move. Can you find it with out looking at the answer?
To find it you must pay very good attention to the definition of a "Pawn Lever"

Copy or print it out and then place it on your desk so that you may look at it to match it up with your choice.

The Attacking Lever
Attacking Lever
Dual Threat Attacking Lever
Middlegame Attacking Lever

Kingside Lever
Middlegame Kingside Lever

Undoubling Lever
Undoubling Lever

Opening Lever
Opening Lever

Summary:
We studied 12 Levers. How many do you remember?

1. Attacking
2. Center
3. Chain
4. Cross
5. Forking
6. Loose double
7. Opening
8. Pincer
9. Pointing
10. Tight
11. Tight Double
12. Undoubling
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